What is a Candle Stick?

On a candlestick price chart, a candlestick is a single bar that displays a trader’s market movements at a glance. Each candlestick shows a market’s open price, low price, high price, and close price for a particular time.

  • The body represents the open-to-close range.
  • The wick, or shadow, indicates the peak and trough of the day.
  • The hue indicates which way the market is moving – a green body indicates a price increase, while a red body shows a price decrease.





1. Hammer

  • The hammer candlestick pattern consists of a small body and a long wick extending from the bottom.
  • This pattern can be seen at the support line of a downward trend (see example below). Hammer candlesticks typically occur after a price decline.
  • Hammer candlesticks indicate a potential price reversal to the upside. The price must start moving up following the hammer; this is called confirmation.

2. Morning Star

  • This is a three-stick pattern: one short-bodied candle between a long red and a long green candle.
  • The morning star’s middle candle depicts a pause in the market where bulls start to overtake bears.
  • An upswing may be indicated by the third candle, which validates the reversal.

3. Bullish Engulfing

  • The pattern of bullish engulfing is composed of two candlesticks. A larger green candle entirely engulfs the first candle, which is a short red body.
  • The buying pressure increases, leading to a reversal of the downtrend.
  • The second Bullish candlestick is engulfing the body of the first bearish candle stick.


4. Three White Soldiers

  • This pattern is made up of three long green candles in a row, this pattern also has to open and close higher than the previous period.
  • Three White Soldiers is a strong bullish signal that shows up after a downtrend.
  • This pattern is considered a credible reversal pattern when corroborated by additional technical indicators like the relative strength index (RSI).




1. Hanging Man

  • The hanging man candle has a slight natural body (distance between open and close) and a long lower shadow. There is little to no upper shadow.
  • It shows up at the end of an uptrend, indicating that bears are stepping in.
  • Extensive selling pressure was present during a part of the candle stick, which created a wick.


2. Shooting Star

  • An inverted hammer is the antithesis of the shooting star. It comprises a red candle with a lengthy upper shadow and a short body.
  • The market will often open slightly higher on the candlestick and close slightly below the open.
  • A shooting star formation might have been a false indicator if the price increases afterward.


3. Bearish Engulfing

  • A bearish engulfing pattern signals the conclusion of an upswing. What counts is the candlesticks’ “real body” or the difference between the open and closing prices.
  • The down candle’s actual body must engulf the up candle.
  • Anywhere might have a bearish engulfing pattern, including an uptrend or a pullback to the upside with a more substantial downturn.


4. Evening Star

  • The evening star is a three-candlestick pattern equivalent to the bullish morning star.
  • It comprises a short candle sandwiched between a long green candle and a large red candlestick.
  • Although this candle stick pattern is uncommon, traders regard the evening star pattern as a trustworthy technical indication.


5. Three Black Crows

  • The pricing charts show three bearish long-bodied candlesticks with short or no wicks.
  • Every session begins at a price comparable to the last, but With every close, selling pressure drives the price down even further.
  • Traders use it alongside other technical indicators, such as the relative strength index (RSI).
  • The opposite pattern of three black crows is three white soldiers, which indicates a Bullish trend.



These candle-stick patterns can move in either direction.


1. Doji

  • Doji candlestick has an open and close that are virtually equal.
  • It is crucial to stress that the Doji pattern denotes indecision rather than reversal.
  • The market explores its upward and downward options, but cannot commit either way.

2. Spinning Top

  • The candlestick pattern known as a spinning top features a short actual body centered vertically between the lengthy upper and lower wicks.
  • Since buyers and sellers pushed the price but couldn’t maintain it, the pattern signals hesitation and that further sideways movement could follow.
  • This candle stick pattern is much more robust in a trending market, whether uptrend or downtrend.

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